Visiting Fellows

Robert L. Listenbee
2017 Visiting Fellow

Bob was appointed by President Barack Obama as Administrator of the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) in 2013 and served in this position until January 2017.  During his tenure as Administrator, Bob focused on three overarching priorities: addressing the core protections outlined in the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Act; reducing out-of-home-placements; and reforming the nation’s juvenile justice system so that it utilizes a developmental, trauma-informed approach with a focus on evidence-based practices and programs.

Prior to his appointment to OJJDP, Bob was Chief of the Juvenile Unit of the Defender Association of Philadelphia for 16 years and a trial lawyer with the association for more than two decades. In this capacity, he was instrumental in developing several specialty court programs designed to divert youth out of the juvenile justice system and reduce their risk of residential placement.

Bob has contributed his expertise on policy committees of the National Legal Aid & Defender Association, the National Juvenile Defender Center, the National Center for Juvenile Justice, and several other local, state, and national organizations. He played a central role in the Attorney General’s Defending Childhood Initiative and served as co-chair of the National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence. The MacArthur Foundation honored him as a Champion for Change in juvenile justice reform in 2011.

Bob received his BA from Harvard University and his law degree from the University of California, Berkeley.


bob marsha

Robert Schwartz
Visiting Fellow (2016-2017)

Bob co-founded Juvenile Law Center in 1975 and was its executive director from 1982 to 2015.  During his career at Juvenile Law Center, he represented dependent and delinquent children in Pennsylvania juvenile and appellate courts; brought class-action litigation over institutional conditions and probation functions; testified in Congress before House and Senate committees; and spoke in more than 30 states on matters related to children and the law.

Bob’s distinguished career has not been limited to Pennsylvania, but includes fighting nationally and internationally for youth rights.  Bob has held numerous leadership roles, including Chair of the American Bar Association's Commission on Youth at Risk and Chair of the Juvenile Justice Committee of the American Bar Association's Criminal Justice Section.  He also co-authored the American Bar Association's report, America's Children at Risk and helped author a follow-up report on youth's access to quality lawyers, A Call for Justice.

Bob was a member of the MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Adolescent Development and Juvenile Justice. As part of the Network, he co-edited Youth on Trial: A Developmental Perspective on Juvenile Justice (University of Chicago Press: 2000).  From 1991 to 2012, he was a gubernatorial appointee to the Commission's Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Committee, which is the State Advisory Group that distributes federal funds in Pennsylvania and advises the governor regarding juvenile justice policy. 

Bob is a graduate of Temple University School of Law and of Haverford College.